Census Data

England and Wales: Tenure

Location Type: England and Wales, ONS Geographic Code: K04000001

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Key Facts

All Residents 59,597,542
Male 29,177,340
Female 30,420,202
Households 24,783,199
Population Density (people/km2) 394.6

This is the top-level dataset for the whole of England and Wales. Drill down further by selecting a country:



Table Codets054
Unit of MeasureHousehold
Number of Response Options9

This dataset provides Census 2021 estimates that classify households in England and Wales by tenure. The estimates are as at Census Day, 21 March 2021.


Whether a household owns or rents the accommodation that it occupies.

Owner-occupied accommodation can be:

* owned outright, which is where the household owns all of the accommodation
* with a mortgage or loan
* part-owned on a shared ownership scheme

Rented accommodation can be:

* private rented (for example, rented through a private landlord or letting agent
* social rented through a local council or housing association

This information is not available for household spaces with no usual residents.

Quality Statement

There is evidence of people incorrectly identifying their type of landlord as ”Council or local authority” or “Housing association”. You should add these two categories together when analysing data that uses this variable.

More information at the ONS website

Tenure of household: Total: All households 24,783,199
Owned 15,258,981
Owned: Owns outright 8,136,782
Owned: Owns with a mortgage or loan 7,122,199
Shared ownership 240,234
Shared ownership: Shared ownership 240,234
Social rented 4,227,756
Social rented: Rents from council or Local Authority 2,061,789
Social rented: Other social rented 2,165,967
Private rented 5,023,531
Private rented: Private landlord or letting agency 4,468,534
Private rented: Other private rented 554,997
Lives rent free 32,697

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