Census Data

England and Wales: NS-SeC

Location Type: England and Wales, ONS Geographic Code: K04000001

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Key Facts

All Residents 59,597,542
Male 29,177,340
Female 30,420,202
Households 24,783,199
Population Density (people/km2) 394.6

This is the top-level dataset for the whole of England and Wales. Drill down further by selecting a country:



Table Codets062
Unit of MeasurePerson
Number of Response Options10

This dataset provides Census 2021 estimates that classify usual residents aged 16 years and over in England and Wales by National Statistics Socio-economic Classification (NS-SEC). The estimates are as at Census Day, 21 March 2021.


The National Statistics Socio-economic Classification (NS-SEC) indicates a person's socio-economic position based on their occupation and other job characteristics.

It is an Office for National Statistics standard classification. NS-SEC categories are assigned based on a person's occupation, whether employed, self-employed, or supervising other employees.

Full-time students are recorded in the "full-time students" category regardless of whether they are economically active.

Quality Statement

As Census 2021 was during a unique period of rapid change, take care when using this data for planning purposes.
Read more in our Labour market quality information for Census 2021 methodology.

National Statistics Socio-economic Classification (NS-SEC): Total: All usual residents aged 16 years and over 48,566,373
L1, L2 and L3 Higher managerial, administrative and professional occupations 6,353,898
L4, L5 and L6 Lower managerial, administrative and professional occupations 9,669,812
L7 Intermediate occupations 5,551,417
L8 and L9 Small employers and own account workers 5,131,554
L10 and L11 Lower supervisory and technical occupations 2,620,604
L12 Semi-routine occupations 5,518,715
L13 Routine occupations 5,859,961
L14.1 and L14.2 Never worked and long-term unemployed 4,133,958
L15 Full-time students 3,726,454

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