Census Data

Cymru (Wales): National identity (detailed)

Location Type: Country, ONS Geographic Code: W92000004

Wales added to comparison list.

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Key Facts

All Residents 3,107,494
Male 1,521,004
Female 1,586,490
Households 1,347,114
Population Density (people/km2) 149.9
Table Codets028
Issued2023-01-11
Unit of MeasurePerson
Number of Response Options73

This dataset provides Census 2021 estimates that classify usual residents in England and Wales by their national identity. The estimates are as at Census Day, 21 March 2021.

Summary

Someone’s national identity is a self-determined assessment of their own identity, it could be the country or countries where they feel they belong or think of as home. It is not dependent on ethnic group or citizenship.

Respondents could select more than one national identity.

Quality Statement

The increase since the 2011 Census in people identifying as “British” and fall in people identifying as “English” may partly reflect true changes in self-perception. It is also likely to reflect that “British” replaced “English” as the first response option listed on the questionnaire in England.

More information at the ONS website

National identity (detailed): Total: All usual residents 3,107,490
UK identity 2,973,700
UK identity: British only identity 574,329
UK identity: English only identity 283,291
UK identity: English and British only identity 55,134
UK identity: Welsh only identity 1,715,975
UK identity: Welsh and British only identity 250,641
UK identity: Scottish only identity 12,219
UK identity: Scottish and British only identity 2,074
UK identity: Northern Irish only identity 3,620
UK identity: Northern Irish and British only identity 654
UK identity: Cornish only identity 724
UK identity: Cornish and British only identity 86
UK identity: Any other combination of UK identities (UK only) 40,373
UK identity: Other identity and at least one UK identity 34,580
Other identity only 133,790
Other identity only: Guernsey Islander 5
Other identity only: Jersey Islander 15
Other identity only: Isle of Man (Manx) 153
Other identity only: Channel Islander not otherwise specified 12
Other identity only: Irish only identity 8,756
Other identity only: Irish and at least one UK identity 1,981
Other identity only: European 72,770
Other identity only: European: EU countries 59,594
Other identity only: European: EU countries: French 1,805
Other identity only: European: EU countries: German 2,002
Other identity only: European: EU countries: Italian 4,051
Other identity only: European: EU countries: Portuguese 4,065
Other identity only: European: EU countries: Spanish (including Canary Islander) 2,382
Other identity only: European: EU countries: Other member countries in March 2001 4,290
Other identity only: European: EU countries: Lithuanian 2,259
Other identity only: European: EU countries: Polish 21,282
Other identity only: European: EU countries: Romanian 7,094
Other identity only: European: EU countries: Other member countries 10,364
Other identity only: European: Non-EU countries 13,176
Other identity only: European: Non-EU countries: Turkish 1,607
Other identity only: European: Non-EU countries: Other European 11,569
Other identity only: African 10,627
Other identity only: African: North African 2,618
Other identity only: African: Central and Western African 3,882
Other identity only: African: Central and Western African: Ghanaian 318
Other identity only: African: Central and Western African: Nigerian 2,250
Other identity only: African: Central and Western African: Other Central and Western African 1,314
Other identity only: African: South and Eastern African 4,127
Other identity only: African: South and Eastern African: Kenyan 235
Other identity only: African: South and Eastern African: Somali 476
Other identity only: African: South and Eastern African: South African 1,218
Other identity only: African: South and Eastern African: Zimbabwean 761
Other identity only: African: South and Eastern African: Other South and Eastern African 1,437
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian 31,143
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: Middle Eastern 6,730
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: Middle Eastern: Kurdish 1,107
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: Middle Eastern: Iranian 955
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: Middle Eastern: Iraqi 715
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: Middle Eastern: Other Middle Eastern 3,953
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: Eastern Asian 6,245
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: Eastern Asian: Chinese 4,578
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: Eastern Asian: Hong Kong Chinese 901
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: Eastern Asian: Japanese 435
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: Eastern Asian: Other Eastern Asian 331
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: Southern Asian 12,924
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: Southern Asian: Afghan 379
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: Southern Asian: Bangladeshi 1,872
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: Southern Asian: Indian 6,104
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: Southern Asian: Pakistani 2,424
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: Southern Asian: Sri Lankan 1,175
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: Southern Asian: Other Southern Asian 970
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: South-East Asian 4,443
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: South-East Asian: Filipino 1,643
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: South-East Asian: Malaysian 907
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: South-East Asian: Singaporean 151
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: South-East Asian: Other South-East Asian 1,742
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: Central Asian 77
Other identity only: Middle Eastern and Asian: Asian not otherwise specified 724
Other identity only: American and Caribbean 5,047
Other identity only: American and Caribbean: North American 3,051
Other identity only: American and Caribbean: North American: Canadian 795
Other identity only: American and Caribbean: North American: US Citizen 2,233
Other identity only: American and Caribbean: North American: Other North American 23
Other identity only: American and Caribbean: Central American 315
Other identity only: American and Caribbean: South American 1,100
Other identity only: American and Caribbean: Caribbean 581
Other identity only: American and Caribbean: Caribbean: Jamaican 219
Other identity only: American and Caribbean: Caribbean: Other Caribbean 362
Other identity only: Antarctican and Oceanian 1,740
Other identity only: Antarctican and Oceanian: Australasian 1,655
Other identity only: Antarctican and Oceanian: Australasian: Australian 1,072
Other identity only: Antarctican and Oceanian: Australasian: New Zealander 578
Other identity only: Antarctican and Oceanian: Australasian: Other Australasian 5
Other identity only: Antarctican and Oceanian: Other Oceanian 85
Other identity only: Other 1,541

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