Census Data

Cymru (Wales): Welsh language skills (detailed)

Location Type: Country, ONS Geographic Code: W92000004

Wales added to comparison list.

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Key Facts

All Residents 3,107,494
Male 1,521,004
Female 1,586,490
Households 1,347,114
Population Density (people/km2) 149.9
Table Codets032
Unit of MeasurePerson
Number of Response Options10

This dataset provides Census 2021 estimates that classify usual residents in Wales by their overall Welsh language skills. The estimates are as at Census Day, 21 March 2021.


Whether a person has Welsh language skills. If they do, can they do any of the following:

* understand spoken Welsh
* speak Welsh
* read Welsh
* write Welsh
* no skills in Welsh

The census questionnaire only asked this question to people in Wales.

In results that classify people by Welsh language skills, a person may appear in more than one category depending on which combination of skills they have.

Welsh language skills: Total: All usual residents aged 3 years and over 3,018,172
Can understand spoken Welsh only 156,762
Can speak, read and write Welsh 429,313
Can speak but cannot read or write Welsh 68,391
Can speak and read but cannot write Welsh 33,971
Can read but cannot speak or write Welsh 41,567
Can write but cannot speak or read Welsh 4,970
Can read and write but cannot speak Welsh 17,560
Can speak and other combinations of skills in Welsh 6,621
No skills in Welsh 2,259,017

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