Census Data

Essex: National identity - UK

Location Type: Counties, ONS Geographic Code: E10000012

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Key Facts

All Residents 1,503,524
Male 732,332
Female 771,189
Households 626,472
Population Density (people/km2) 434.7
Table Codets027
Unit of MeasurePerson
Number of Response Options17

This dataset provides Census 2021 estimates that classify usual residents in England and Wales by their national identity. The estimates are as at Census Day, 21 March 2021.


Someone’s national identity is a self-determined assessment of their own identity, it could be the country or countries where they feel they belong or think of as home. It is not dependent on ethnic group or citizenship.

Respondents could select more than one national identity.

Quality Statement

The increase since the 2011 Census in people identifying as “British” and fall in people identifying as “English” may partly reflect true changes in self-perception. It is also likely to reflect that “British” replaced “English” as the first response option listed on the questionnaire in England.

More information at the ONS website

National identity: Total: All usual residents 1,503,521
British only identity 821,950
English only identity 318,708
English and British only identity 244,273
Welsh only identity 2,984
Welsh and British only identity 1,348
Any other combination of only UK identities 11,047
Scottish only identity 4,805
Scottish and British only identity 2,216
Northern Irish only identity 1,416
Northern Irish and British only identity 591
Cornish only identity 98
Cornish and British only identity 13
Any other combination of only UK identities 1,908
Irish only identity 6,999
Irish and at least one UK identity 1,309
Other identity only 76,535
Other identity and at least one UK identity 18,368
Non-UK identity only 83,534
UK identity and non-UK identity 19,677

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