Census Data

England: National identity - UK

Location Type: Country, ONS Geographic Code: E92000001

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Key Facts

All Residents 56,490,048
Male 27,656,336
Female 28,833,712
Households 23,436,086
Population Density (people/km2) 433.5
Table Codets027
Unit of MeasurePerson
Number of Response Options17

This dataset provides Census 2021 estimates that classify usual residents in England and Wales by their national identity. The estimates are as at Census Day, 21 March 2021.


Someone’s national identity is a self-determined assessment of their own identity, it could be the country or countries where they feel they belong or think of as home. It is not dependent on ethnic group or citizenship.

Respondents could select more than one national identity.

Quality Statement

The increase since the 2011 Census in people identifying as “British” and fall in people identifying as “English” may partly reflect true changes in self-perception. It is also likely to reflect that “British” replaced “English” as the first response option listed on the questionnaire in England.

More information at the ONS website

National identity: Total: All usual residents 56,490,048
British only identity 32,103,291
English only identity 8,615,437
English and British only identity 8,057,675
Welsh only identity 192,668
Welsh and British only identity 86,966
Any other combination of only UK identities 648,235
Scottish only identity 232,034
Scottish and British only identity 108,719
Northern Irish only identity 75,497
Northern Irish and British only identity 30,180
Cornish only identity 88,360
Cornish and British only identity 10,584
Any other combination of only UK identities 102,861
Irish only identity 290,790
Irish and at least one UK identity 60,290
Other identity only 5,338,962
Other identity and at least one UK identity 1,095,734
Non-UK identity only 5,629,752
UK identity and non-UK identity 1,156,024

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