Census Data

England and Wales: National identity - UK

Location Type: England and Wales, ONS Geographic Code: K04000001

England and Wales added to comparison list.

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Key Facts

All Residents 59,597,542
Male 29,177,340
Female 30,420,202
Households 24,783,199
Population Density (people/km2) 394.6

This is the top-level dataset for the whole of England and Wales. Drill down further by selecting a country:



Table Codets027
Unit of MeasurePerson
Number of Response Options17

This dataset provides Census 2021 estimates that classify usual residents in England and Wales by their national identity. The estimates are as at Census Day, 21 March 2021.


Someone’s national identity is a self-determined assessment of their own identity, it could be the country or countries where they feel they belong or think of as home. It is not dependent on ethnic group or citizenship.

Respondents could select more than one national identity.

Quality Statement

The increase since the 2011 Census in people identifying as “British” and fall in people identifying as “English” may partly reflect true changes in self-perception. It is also likely to reflect that “British” replaced “English” as the first response option listed on the questionnaire in England.

More information at the ONS website

National identity: Total: All usual residents 59,597,541
British only identity 32,677,619
English only identity 8,898,728
English and British only identity 8,112,809
Welsh only identity 1,908,644
Welsh and British only identity 337,607
Any other combination of only UK identities 707,985
Scottish only identity 244,253
Scottish and British only identity 110,793
Northern Irish only identity 79,117
Northern Irish and British only identity 30,834
Cornish only identity 89,084
Cornish and British only identity 10,670
Any other combination of only UK identities 143,234
Irish only identity 299,546
Irish and at least one UK identity 62,271
Other identity only 5,462,018
Other identity and at least one UK identity 1,130,314
Non-UK identity only 5,761,564
UK identity and non-UK identity 1,192,585

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