Census Data

London: National identity - UK

Location Type: Regions, ONS Geographic Code: E12000007

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Key Facts

All Residents 8,799,728
Male 4,268,106
Female 4,531,622
Households 3,423,892
Population Density (people/km2) 5,597.6
Table Codets027
Unit of MeasurePerson
Number of Response Options17

This dataset provides Census 2021 estimates that classify usual residents in England and Wales by their national identity. The estimates are as at Census Day, 21 March 2021.


Someone’s national identity is a self-determined assessment of their own identity, it could be the country or countries where they feel they belong or think of as home. It is not dependent on ethnic group or citizenship.

Respondents could select more than one national identity.

Quality Statement

The increase since the 2011 Census in people identifying as “British” and fall in people identifying as “English” may partly reflect true changes in self-perception. It is also likely to reflect that “British” replaced “English” as the first response option listed on the questionnaire in England.

More information at the ONS website

National identity: Total: All usual residents 8,799,729
British only identity 5,011,396
English only identity 717,894
English and British only identity 594,149
Welsh only identity 19,167
Welsh and British only identity 10,161
Any other combination of only UK identities 78,513
Scottish only identity 29,943
Scottish and British only identity 15,665
Northern Irish only identity 13,917
Northern Irish and British only identity 4,504
Cornish only identity 799
Cornish and British only identity 227
Any other combination of only UK identities 13,458
Irish only identity 99,780
Irish and at least one UK identity 16,941
Other identity only 1,878,830
Other identity and at least one UK identity 372,898
Non-UK identity only 1,978,610
UK identity and non-UK identity 389,839

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