Census Data

Croydon: National identity - UK

Location Type: London Boroughs, ONS Geographic Code: E09000008

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Key Facts

All Residents 390,719
Male 187,633
Female 203,086
Households 152,946
Population Density (people/km2) 4,516.0
Table Codets027
Unit of MeasurePerson
Number of Response Options17

This dataset provides Census 2021 estimates that classify usual residents in England and Wales by their national identity. The estimates are as at Census Day, 21 March 2021.


Someone’s national identity is a self-determined assessment of their own identity, it could be the country or countries where they feel they belong or think of as home. It is not dependent on ethnic group or citizenship.

Respondents could select more than one national identity.

Quality Statement

The increase since the 2011 Census in people identifying as “British” and fall in people identifying as “English” may partly reflect true changes in self-perception. It is also likely to reflect that “British” replaced “English” as the first response option listed on the questionnaire in England.

More information at the ONS website

National identity: Total: All usual residents 390,720
British only identity 239,761
English only identity 36,468
English and British only identity 29,288
Welsh only identity 672
Welsh and British only identity 331
Any other combination of only UK identities 2,619
Scottish only identity 1,010
Scottish and British only identity 474
Northern Irish only identity 446
Northern Irish and British only identity 143
Cornish only identity 21
Cornish and British only identity 6
Any other combination of only UK identities 519
Irish only identity 3,067
Irish and at least one UK identity 538
Other identity only 64,741
Other identity and at least one UK identity 13,235
Non-UK identity only 67,808
UK identity and non-UK identity 13,773

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