Census Data

South West: National identity - UK

Location Type: Regions, ONS Geographic Code: E12000009

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Key Facts

All Residents 5,701,186
Male 2,789,635
Female 2,911,551
Households 2,448,881
Population Density (people/km2) 239.2
Table Codets027
Unit of MeasurePerson
Number of Response Options17

This dataset provides Census 2021 estimates that classify usual residents in England and Wales by their national identity. The estimates are as at Census Day, 21 March 2021.


Someone’s national identity is a self-determined assessment of their own identity, it could be the country or countries where they feel they belong or think of as home. It is not dependent on ethnic group or citizenship.

Respondents could select more than one national identity.

Quality Statement

The increase since the 2011 Census in people identifying as “British” and fall in people identifying as “English” may partly reflect true changes in self-perception. It is also likely to reflect that “British” replaced “English” as the first response option listed on the questionnaire in England.

More information at the ONS website

National identity: Total: All usual residents 5,701,188
British only identity 3,166,210
English only identity 965,891
English and British only identity 905,192
Welsh only identity 43,461
Welsh and British only identity 18,740
Any other combination of only UK identities 161,644
Scottish only identity 24,497
Scottish and British only identity 11,889
Northern Irish only identity 6,645
Northern Irish and British only identity 3,450
Cornish only identity 83,936
Cornish and British only identity 9,693
Any other combination of only UK identities 21,534
Irish only identity 17,499
Irish and at least one UK identity 5,535
Other identity only 331,255
Other identity and at least one UK identity 85,761
Non-UK identity only 348,754
UK identity and non-UK identity 91,296

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