Census Data

North West: Main language (detailed)

Location Type: Regions, ONS Geographic Code: E12000002

North West added to comparison list.

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Key Facts

All Residents 7,417,397
Male 3,640,141
Female 3,777,256
Households 3,153,403
Population Density (people/km2) 525.8
Table Codets024
Unit of MeasurePerson
Number of Response Options95

This dataset provides Census 2021 estimates that classify usual residents in England and Wales by their main language. The estimates are as at Census Day, 21 March 2021.


A person's first or preferred language.

This shows a detailed breakdown of the responses given in the write-in option "Other, write in".

Main language (detailed): Total: All usual residents aged 3 years and over 7,178,377
English (English or Welsh in Wales) 6,697,979
Welsh or Cymraeg (in England only) 1,899
Other UK language 421
Other UK language: Gaelic (Irish) 121
Other UK language: Gaelic (Scottish) 29
Other UK language: Manx Gaelic 2
Other UK language: Gaelic (Not otherwise specified) 29
Other UK language: Cornish 2
Other UK language: Scots 107
Other UK language: Ulster Scots 1
Other UK language: Romany English 126
Other UK language: Irish Traveller Cant 4
French 6,588
Portuguese 18,814
Spanish 15,525
Other European language (EU) 152,717
Other European language (EU): Italian 11,524
Other European language (EU): German 2,737
Other European language (EU): Polish 65,277
Other European language (EU): Slovak 4,938
Other European language (EU): Czech 4,350
Other European language (EU): Romanian 28,982
Other European language (EU): Lithuanian 6,169
Other European language (EU): Latvian 3,616
Other European language (EU): Hungarian 8,623
Other European language (EU): Bulgarian 7,732
Other European language (EU): Greek 5,262
Other European language (EU): Dutch 1,381
Other European language (EU): Swedish 617
Other European language (EU): Danish 341
Other European language (EU): Finnish 289
Other European language (EU): Estonian 237
Other European language (EU): Slovenian 143
Other European language (EU): Maltese 121
Other European language (EU): Any other European language (EU) 378
Other European language (non EU) 3,490
Other European language (non EU): Albanian 1,987
Other European language (non EU): Ukrainian 808
Other European language (non EU): Any other Eastern European language (non EU) 39
Other European language (non EU): Northern European language (non EU) 656
Other European language (EU and non-EU) 830
Other European language (EU and non-EU): Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, and Montenegrin 830
Other European language (non-national) 1,135
Other European language (non-national): Any Romani language 17
Other European language (non-national): Yiddish 1,118
Russian 5,031
Turkish 4,640
Arabic 30,741
West or Central Asian language 28,298
West or Central Asian language: Hebrew 686
West or Central Asian language: Kurdish 10,592
West or Central Asian language: Persian or Farsi 11,028
West or Central Asian language: Pashto 5,327
West or Central Asian language: Any other West or Central Asian language 665
South Asian language 147,679
South Asian language: Urdu 59,429
South Asian language: Hindi 3,322
South Asian language: Panjabi 26,471
South Asian language: Pakistani Pahari (with Mirpuri and Potwari) 2,555
South Asian language: Bengali (with Sylheti and Chatgaya) 17,813
South Asian language: Gujarati 16,153
South Asian language: Marathi 748
South Asian language: Telugu 2,370
South Asian language: Tamil 5,393
South Asian language: Malayalam 8,460
South Asian language: Sinhala 891
South Asian language: Nepalese 1,348
South Asian language: Any other South Asian language 2,726
East Asian language 38,848
East Asian language: Mandarin Chinese 3,406
East Asian language: Cantonese Chinese 8,933
East Asian language: All other Chinese 15,473
East Asian language: Japanese 807
East Asian language: Korean 496
East Asian language: Vietnamese 1,595
East Asian language: Thai 2,377
East Asian language: Malay 965
East Asian language: Tagalog or Filipino 3,346
East Asian language: Any other East Asian language 1,450
Oceanic or Australian language 38
North or South American language 4
Caribbean Creole 94
Caribbean Creole: English-based Caribbean Creole 9
Caribbean Creole: Any other Caribbean Creole 85
African language 19,604
African language: Amharic 823
African language: Tigrinya 3,109
African language: Somali 4,626
African language: Krio 41
African language: Akan 1,022
African language: Yoruba 1,098
African language: Igbo 1,269
African language: Swahili or Kiswahili 1,539
African language: Luganda 115
African language: Lingala 459
African language: Shona 977
African language: Afrikaans 319
African language: Any other Nigerian language 583
African language: Any other West African language 1,127
African language: Any other African language 2,497
Sign language 3,366
Sign language: British Sign Language 2,860
Sign language: Any other sign language 209
Sign language: Any sign communication system 297
Other language 636

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